is born a new each time a great person is born.
They leave behind their thoughts & ideals,
which are adopted by others to open new avenues
& enlighten people all over the world. That
is why we say that when great people are born,
the world is reborn.
motherland has given butter to many such great
people who have been as guides to others of those
who were born in India & achieved lasting
worldwide fame, thus bringing great fame to our
land, the most notable are Mahatma Gandhi, Periyar
of Erode & M.Singaravelu.
principles of Non- violence promoted by Gandhiji,
and idea of rationalism expounded by Periyar &
the communist ideals propagated by the first Indian
labour Leader & Communist singaravelu continue
to be as famous as the leaders.
also known as the father of the Indian communist
movement, the father of the Indian labour union
movement, the father of the scientific rationalism
& equality, was born in a wealthy family,
the third son of Venkatachalam Chetty &Valliammai
on 18th February1860.
was the only one among the descendents of kandappa
Chetty to acquire higher education. He passed
the matriculation examination in 1881, got his
F.A in 1884 from Christian College & B.A from
presidency College under Madras University. He
joined the madras Law College & obtained B.L
degree in 1907 & Practiced as a lawyer at
madras high court. He was married in 1889 to Angammal
(intercaste wedding). After sometime, they were
blessed with a daughter kamala.
was successful in his career as a lawyer with
his earnings as an able lawyer; he bought some
estates in Thiruvanminyur & Mylapore.As women
did not have equal rightsian those days, he adopted
Satya Kumar (own grandson) (son of his daughter-
kamala) legally as his son in 1932.
accepted Mahatma Gandhi's leadership and became
one of the leaders of the Presidency Congress
Party in Tamil Nadu. The British Government Passed
the Anti-People Rowlatt Bill in 1918, which deprived
the Indians of the rights of speech and expression.
It also paved the way for punishing the people
without an enquiry. The Congress Party opposed
this black law and held demonstrations. Singaravelar
held protest meetings in Chennai.
13th April 1919 is a day stained with blood in
the History of India. It was the day of the massacre
in Jalianwala Bagh. Nearly 400 people were shattered
to bits. 2000 people lost their limbs. A river
of blood flowed. This punjab massacre spread shock
waves all over the country. Mahatma Gandhi launched
the non-coperation movement to condemn this inhuman
act. Singaravelar set fire to his lawyer's gown
at a public meeting on May 1921. He gave up practising
law abiding by the non-cooperation movement and
decided to boycott all the institutions functioning
under the British government. In May 1921, he
wrote a letter to Mahatma Gandhi explaining his
action, " I have given up my profession as a lawyer
today. I shall follow you as you strive for the
people of this country. Singaravelar was given
a very important part in the Non-Cooperation Movement.
The Bandh that he organized as the first step
was also successful.
The people began to hate the British after the
passing of Rowlatt Bill, the Jalianwala Bagh massacre
and the Chowri Chowra incident. To change this
feeling to inspire confidence among the people,Prince
of Wales and his consort were sent to India. This
effort did not appease the people. Singaravelar
organized the boycott of the arrival of the delegation
in Chennai. Annadurai has described this as one
of the great demonstrations that shook Chennai.
Singaravelar attened the Annual Convention of
the Congress Party was held in Gaya in 1922. Singaravelar
attended the convention. He addressed the gathering
as "Comrades" (He was the first person in India
to use the word "Comrades"). A short extract from
Singaravelar's speech at Gaya, "We are striving
for home rule. We are fighting with the weapons
of non-violence and non-cooperation. I have faith
in them. But they are not suited for the communist
fraternity, who differ in their approach.