OF INDIAN LABOUR
a deep thinker and facile writer. After 2 years of intense
research, he has brought to light in this book, the life of
the remarkable men (Singaravelar) which has remained hidden
from the public till now. He has also written a short book
on this great person and also collection of poems - Nijangal
which is to be released shortly
Minister of Labour Government of India
I am delighted that Shri. P. Vasantha Kumar has endeavoured to bring out a book on Shri. Singaravelar a noted Labour Leader.
Shri. Singaravelar sowed the seed for Indian labour laws and was a freedom fighter. Much against the wishes of the British Government he brought lot of literature on Labour and Labour unionism into the country. He has served his entire life for the labour class.
Shri Singaravelar was the Principal Architech in bringing in May Day Celebrations into the country.
More than this he joined E.V.R. Periar the great Dravidian Leader in the Self respect movement which has enlightened the working class of this country.
This book written on Shri. Singaravelar has been brought out for the nenefit of the labour force of this country both in English and in the regional language Tamil, a language with rich literature, culture and heritage.
Shri. Singaravelar was the first Indian to coin the word "Labour Kissan" to take care of the interest of Agricultural Labourers.
I must compliment the author for bringing out this book on renowned trade unionist, communist and a Self respect movement leader Shri.Singaravelar.
The author in this book has reported Singaravelar's clear explanantion about how a worker should prepare himself and strive for the welfare of the country. It is a very important advice at this time;Singaravelar hadno equal in working tirelessly for the common man. Singaravelar the philosopher and reformist was the first to celebrate May Day as a tribute to the workers. In honour of singaravelar, who was the father of Indian workers and their good friend, his statue was unveiled by the Government of Puducherry on 21.11.2000. Every year his birth anniversary and death anniversary are being observed, I am proud to say at this juncture.
I wish the author Vasantha Kumaran, Who has described thoughtfully and interestingly the service rendered by Singaravelar to labour and incidents in his life, greater success in the future.
Minister of state For shipping
Government of India
New Delhi-110 001.
I congratulate whole-heartedly Thiru. Vasantha Kumaran who has written this beautiful book,"Godfather of Indian labour, Singaravelar " and Terali Shankar who has assisted him.
Singaravelar served as a lawyer, a freedom fighter, labour union leader, and first member of the Corporation of Madras until his 84th year when he died. He dedicated himself totally to the cause of the working class. As Rajaji remarked, he was mad about freedom. He was praised by Periyar and Annadurai.
He was such a great scholar that Thiru-Vi-ka said he is my teacher and I am his pupil. He wrote several books. He worked hard even in his old age and up to the very end. The book tells us his views, comments of others on him and how this great man lived.
This book has been written in the form of a history of Singaravelar's selfless life, his contribution to labour welfare and other such noble tasks to inspire the Tamil people, especially the youth. My best wishes to the author Thiru. Vasantha Kumaran and the publishers. I request all the people to buy this book and benefit by it.
D.JAYAKUMAR, B.Sc., P.L
Minister Law & Information Technology
It gives me pleasure that P. Vasantha Kumaran has written a book titled "The Godfather of Indian Labour" about the father of communism, Singaravelar. He was one of the freedom fighters and also a forerunner of the trade union movement.
The author has created a book that will spread Singaravelar's fame among all the people of Tamil Nadu in a simple style. He has included the various incidents, such as his participation in the May Day meetion, B and C mill strike, Aluminum Worker's strike, Railways Labour Union strike and many others, in a memorable manner.
It can be seen that there is the belief that all the wealth in the world should not be confined to one place, but must be distributed. The collection of songs about communism from the movies of the philanthropist, Bharat Ratna Dr.M.G.Ramachandran, add luster to this book.
Minister for Labour Welfare
Becoming free from foreign rulers alone will not cut out all the bondage that people endure. People are totally free when they attain social freedom. Periyar E.V.Ramasamy lived for the objectives of social justice and social freedom. Even before him, Singaravelar strove to attain these goals.
Singaravelar sacrificed his life so that workers may get their rights; he formed labour unions, started the "Labour-Kisan Gazette" in English and "Thozhilali" in Tamil for the sake of workers. He was the first person in the whole of Asia to celebrate May Day in 1923; by celebrating it in two important places in Chennai, he paved the way for the country to celebrate May Day as Labour Day. And yet, a full-length biography of Singaravelar, has not appeared so far in Tamil.
The service rendered by Thiru.Vasantha Kumaran in attempting a biography of Singaravelar, who was a great social worker, is commendable. It is learnt from this book that Bharatiyar breathed his last in his lap.
Singaravelar was a friend of the workers,a lamp of self-respect, a spring of self-confidence, a great educationist, a good speaker, an able writer, a leader, and a soldier who fought for the marginalized people. Everybody should read his biography and follow his principles. I wish his fame would flourish forever in Tamil Nadu.
Minister for Health & Family
Welfare, Law, Labour,
Economics & Statistics
And Port & Pilotage
The great service rendered by M.Singaravelar who encouraged workers to participate in the Indian freedom movement, has a permanent place in the history of our nation. It was he who spread the ideas of communism to the common man and introduced the concept of mid-day meals in the schools run by the Corporation of Madras. There is no doubt that this book that describes the various facets of the man who toiled for the progress of society with proof, will be a guide to the younger generation. I wish to express my best wishes to the author. Thiru Vasantha Kumaran who has given us the events in the life of the great man may his efforts be successful and may his research on communism continue) I wish him all success in his future literary endeavdurs.
Minister of Education
"All that we see is done by the worker
Should he see only poverty?
Should patience be his only ornament?"
Asked the revolutionary poet Bharatidasan. What is the reason for the poverty of the working class? He says it is because they do not stand together.
There are workers all over the world and labour unions. As far as this country is concerned, the father of the labour union movement is Singaravelar.
"Singaravelu Chettiar is my teacher, I am his student" is the praise he won from the famous author and labour unionist, Thiru-Vi-Ka.
Singaravelar, the first communist of the country, who sowed the seeds of communism in Indian politics, was also a freedom fighter; he also fought to free the people from the shackles of religion and caste.
He lived a great life and helped others to live. He celebrated not only life; he was a brave man who said "Even death is a celebration".
P.Vasantha Kumaran, who is a member of his family, has created the book, "Singaravelar, the Godfather of Indian Labour" from incidents in his life. It is a guide to the working class.
I offer my reverence to Singaravelar.
My best wishes to the author Vansantha Kumaran.
Former Chief Minister, Tamil Nadu
When Singaravelar died, Annadurai remarked in his condolence message that Singaravelar was a great genius who was hidden. The biography of this hidden genius has been written by his grand-daughter's husband P.Vasanrha Kumaran who lives in France. I got an opportunity to read this book when Thanjai Kootharasan brought it to me and asked for a foreword.
All the incidents in his life are described in this book as if someone who had known him closely had written it. The author remarks that Singaravelar had brought hundreds of books on communism from other countries at a time when the British government had banned such books. Not only did he bring those books to India, he also read and understood them and became a good communist.
It is also explained clearly in the book that Singaravelar who shone in public life was also very affectionate to members of the family and treated children as his equals.
" During the non-cooperation movement, Singaravelar set fire to his lawyer's gown and announced that he would not go to the court. He also wrote a letter to Gandhiji about it.
" He was the first person to organize a labour union in India. He was helped by Thiru-Vi-Ka and Sakkarai Chettiar.
" The Indian Communist Party was born on 25th December 1925 at the meeting held in Kanpur. Singaravelar presided over this first meeting.
" Singaravelar led the strike of the South Indian Railway Employees in 1928. He was sentenced to ten years rigorous imprisonment for it, thought it was reduced to 18 months by the High Court.
" Singaravelar's writings strengthened the self-respect movement.
" As the ideals of Singaravelar and Periyar were similar, they became good friends. Like two great rivers meeting in the sea, Singaravelar and Periyar joined together with the ideals of communism and rationalism.
" Singaravelar expected that a Tamil should speak to another Tamil in Tamil and the government of Tamil Nadu should also be conducted in Tamil.
" Singaravelar was the first person to celebrate May Day in India, in fact Asia, thereby being the forerunner of May Day celebrations.
Such information about Singaravelar is given one after the other in the book. Information about his participation in labour union strikes is also given without exception.
Not only that; at the beginning of this Foreword, I mentioned Anna's comment that Singaravelar was a hidden genius. But when he became the Chief Minister, he fulfilled Singaravelar's wish by declaring May Day a holiday. When I became the Chief Minister, I announced that it would be a paid holiday. I request the then Prime Minister Mr.V.P.Singh that it should be so at the national level; he accepted my suggestion and announced that it would be a paid national holiday. I renamed Napier Park in Chintatripet as May Day Park and erected a memorial there. The author has mentioned this as well.
Further, in addition to unveiling a statue of late Singaravelar at the District headquarters on 11.06.1998, I named it Singaravelar Maligai.I was very happy to find this information in the book. Though many books have been written about Singaravelar, I firmly believe that this book describes faithfully all the incidents in his life. I congratulate the author and wish him well.
Assistant Private Secretary
To Leader of opposition, LokSabha
December 4, 2002.
Smt Sonia Gandhi, Leader of opposition, Lok Sabha, Sends her best wishes for the success of the book "God Father of Indian Labours" the renouned freedom fighter Shri Singaravelar- The Frist Labour leader in India.
With Good Wishes.
TAMILNADU CONGRESS COMMITTEE
Singaravelar was the genius who sowed the seeds of communist philosophy in India.
The book "Singaravelar, the godfather of Indian Labour" is a full-length biography which has been created to make his fame and grearness known all over the world.
The book, Written by Sri.P.Vasantha Kumaran, an entrepreneur in France, who is the husband of Singaravelar's grand-daughter through his son, is a good publication, in simple and interesting Tamil.
"Workers of the world, unite! You have nothing to lose, except the handcuffs"-this clarion call was heard in Chicago in 1885 and echoed in India in 1923 by Singaravelar, the historical hero who put it into practice.
If May Day is celebrated all over the country today, it is because of the base laid by him in initiating the great task.
He joined Periyar, the sun of rationalism, in purifying society by removing superstitions which had accumulated over years and propagating the Suyamariyadai movement Periyar's praise of Singaravelar has not been refuted till today:
" Researchers like him (Singaravelar) who go deep into the subject, are courageous and argue on the basis of vast knowledge, have not been seen after him."
"Singaravelar became my teacher. I became his student," said Thiru-Vi-Ka proudly - Bharathiyar breathed his last on Singaravelar's lap- such historical facts are found in this book which gives a detailed account of Singaravelar's contribution to the freedom movement.
From his membership in the Congree Movement in 1917 to his participation as a brave captain in every battle for freedom with leaders such as Mahatma Gandhi and Mrs.Annie Besant, the incidents in his life are memorable.
This biography of the great philosopher Singaravelar should be prescribed in schools and colleges and used as reference material at Universities.
Former Member of Parliament,
Indian Communist Party,
Thiru.P.Vasantha Kumaran has written a book about the first Indian communist and philosopher Singaravelar giving authentic reference. Comrades C.Subramamaniam and K.Murugesan have written about him. Other books have also been published.
M.Singaravelar, who had been forgotten for some time by TamilNadu, is being remembered and honoured in the last twenty years. The Chennai District Administration Complex bears his name. The fishing wharf also has his name.
Many books written by Singaravelar are being reprinter. In each of his books, even if it is only a small book, one can see references to many books. If the books he has referred to are listed, one can see a library overflowing with books.
Having been born in a middle-class family, it was a great achievement for Singaravelar to be educated and get a law degree. It is no ordinary task to have adopted revolutionary principles as a member of a simple family.
When he gave a call for the freedom of the country when it was enslaved, he also called to the workers. He strove not only for political freedom but also for economic freedom.
Singaravelar also gave a call to end the caste system, which divided the people of India. Superstition was its basis. He sought the help of reason to rename it and also stood by it. His reasoning was based on reform and science. He explained all this as a philosopher in speeches and in writing. He tried to put them in practice. At the time, the nation's independence was important. So he participated in the Congress meetings. He presided over the first communist convention, as he wanted communism.
He also strove for the peace and growth of Tamil language. It is necessary for the youth to learn about the life of and achievements of this philosopher and practical hero.
Thiru.P.Vasantha Kumaran has sought and collected details. The innumerable demonstrations have been listed as also hi participation in party meetings, what were considered battle fields, his recreation-not a picnic; his importance wherever he went.
Many instances of his reform - including placing Mahatma Gandhi's portrait, welcome to Saqlatwala, removal of Neil's statue, strike in B and C Mills and Tramway strike have been given. Singaravelan is a perennial treasure. P.Vasantha Kumaran has gleamed many pearls from it.
His family property is rusting without any benefit to his descendants. Responsible officers must take timely action and distribute it or sell it and give the proceeds to his descendants.
It is a matter of shame to TamilNadu that the descendants of Singaravelar do not even have a home of their home, but have to go in search for a roof. It is like holding butter in one's hand and searching for ghee. The properties in the trust in his name should be freed and given to his descendents. This is my request. Singaravelar's fame will last as long as the Tamil language lasts and the red flag lasts.
PUDUCHERRY STATE CONGRESS COMMITTEE
NO.169, Kalavai Subaraya Chetty Street,
It is a matter of pride that just as a sculptor creates a beautiful statue from stone, Vasantha Kumaran has painstakingly collected information from many books and created a complete book.
When we are looking for books to learn about his life, in connection with the unveiling of his statue in Puducherry, only a few books were available. But today you have filled the viod.
When one realizes that many facts about Singaravelar have been hidden, one feels very sad.
Your book brings out the hidden side of Singaravelar's life. In the section,"Singaravelu,an introduction",you have mentioned,"when great men are born,in their lifetime,they leave behind new and revolutionary ideas and born, this world is born again. These ideas, found at the beginning of the book, attracted me.
The author has described in detail the story of how Singaravelar lived as a communist.
What Singaravelar has said about internationalism show that he had a broad mind and that he was a man of great foresight. He has emphasized, through this book, the wonderful and constructive principle that all the natural wealth on earth belongs to all of us, irrespective of caste, religion or creed.
Singaravelu was the first person in India to use the word "Comrades". He sowed the seed for the celebration of May Day is celebrated in India since 1923. He served the people by getting their support and becoming a member of the Corporation. This selfless man led several agitation for the welfare of the workers.
He ran many schemes to provide medical help to the people. He was also the man who paved the way for the mid-day meal scheme.
I am filled with wonder and pride that this book will tell those who were ignorant of it, the events of history.
Even more significant is the fact that Singaravelar was a scholar, author and hard worker.
This book should be used as a text in the classroom and a reference book in libraries.
I offer my thanks and congratulations to the authors for bringing the hidden gem to life.
I pray to Almighty God that your literary service should continue.
Head Office : Periyar Thidal
Vepery Chennai-600 007.
K.VEERAMANI, M.B., B.L
M.Singaravelar was greatly respected by Periyar. He is famous for being the first person to sow the seeds of Karl Marx's economic principles in South India.
Periyar started the self-respect movement to save the Dravidian people from the prison of caste system and dictated by the Aryan "Varunasrama Dharma" and the idea of social justice and propagating them.
My friend P.Vasantha Kumaran has written the biography of that great leader, " The Godfather of Indian Labour, M.Singaravelar". This is a commendable literary effort, which will awaken noble sentiments.
The book has thought provoking information and inspiring incidents.
The authors' technique of collecting information from various angles and using chapter headings such as Singaravelu the genius - an introduction (1); Singaravelu - his birth and life (2);Singaravelu- father of Indian labourers (3); Singaravelu and the Labour Movement (4); Singaravelu's communist principles (5); and Singaravelu's last days (6)is commendable.
Singaravelar's action explain the term "for the first time". Many examples of this can be given, particularly, Singaravelar started a labour union for the first time in India in 1921. He was the person who celebrated May Day for the first time in 1923. He was not only the first to start the Indian Communist Party but also the person who presided over it's first meeting in 1925 at Kanpur.
Friend Vasantha Kumaran has also shown that he showed equal interest in spreading the ideals of the self-respect movement started by Periyar. Periyar spoke with great conviction at the end of the second state conference of the movement on the rights of the poor workers. Singaravelar was greatly pleased to hear about this speech. After that, a close association grew between the two of them.
Singaravelar felt that the self - respect movement and the communist movement should work together to save the Dravidian labour force from the clutches of religious capitalists and economic capitalists. So he was ready to stand shoulder to shoulder with Periyar. Periyar permitted him to publish his essays, which reflected his revolutionary ideas in "KUdiyarasu", his magazine.
In 1931, Periyar undertook a journey to Soviet Russia and other European countries. Singaravelar encouraged and helped him at that time. Vasantha Kumaran has described this in his book.
He has also included the praised bestowed on Singaravelar by other writers, scholars and leaders, to add to his luster.
Yet one cannot help commenting that he could have given in greater detail two historic incidents that come to mind:
One: When Periyar returned from Soviet Russia, he invited Singaravelar to Erode for discussions. He framed the principles of equality on that basis. He convened a meeting of the movement at his residence on 28th and 29th December 1932. Singaravelar explained the idea at the meeting. It is known as the Erode Plan. Periyar took the decision of supporting the Justice Party and opposing the Congress Party, using it as the yardstick, in the elections that followed. These details could have been elaborated in the book.
Two: It was a reaction to un touch ability that Pandit Ayodhidasar emerged as the voice of the oppressed classes at the end of the 19th century in trying to revive Buddha's rationalistic ideas. Singaravelar accepted his guidance and started a branch of the Mahabodhi Buddhist Union established in Royapettah in his own house. Therefore it would have been better if the name Pandit "Ayodhidasar" and a short account of him had been included in the book.
It is hoped that such important details, missing in the book will be included in the subsequent editions.
In general, the book describes in detail Singaravelar's journey through life, his stormy demonstrations and his service to the cause of labour up to his last breath. It is to be greatly appreciated that Vasantha Kumaran, who lives in Paris, the capital of France, has come to Tamil Nadu, collected so much information and written this book with the help of Terali Shankar.
My hearty wishes to the author who has created a literary garland in a flowing beautiful style in appealing Tamil in memory of a great rationalist leader of Tamil Nadu.
TamilNadu State Secretary
Indian Communist Party (Maxist)
"That Singaravelar participated in the Gaya Congress Meeting in which people with different ideas took part will be considered a historic event. When many leaders were afraid that their honour and respect as important leaders will be lost and young men were afraid of the steps that the government would take, this sixty year old grey-haired elder called him a communist". It is impossible not to praise him," wrote M.N.Roy in Vanguard" dated 01.03.1923
The life of Singaravelar who was born in a wealthy family, obtained a law degree and participated in politics, is a lesson that we must learn. When he was a student, the freedom movement became violent. It attracted him. The society in which he lived was filled with oppression, caste and prejudice and superstition. Therefore he became a freedom fighter and a reformist.
He went in search of books; he was learned; from exiled terrorists he got books on science, philosophy and particularly communism. He propagated these ideas. Comrade E.M.S.Namboodripad remarks that he was introduced to Marxist books in the prison in Tamil Nadu and that it was Singaravelar who gave it to him.
He fought for the workers. He was the first to celebrate May Day in Tamil Nadu. He has the honour of being known as the first communist of Tamil Nadu.
He brought about social changes along with Periyar. At the same time he bitterly opposed some of Periyar's political strategies. Yet the relationship did not die. He continued to write articles on rationalism and science in "Kudiyarasu". He started the Hindustan Labour - Kisan Party. He published several magazines such as the " Labour - Kisan Gazette", "Pudhu Ulagam" and Thozhilali". He ceaselessly spoke, wrote and propagated communist principles, working class ideas and reformist thoughts.
He proved that it was possible to write scientific essays in Tamil by writing them. He put into practice a scheme that was the forerunner of today's mid-day meals.
His life could be elaborated in this fashion. There are already a few books on his life. This book, appropriately titled "Singaravelar, Godfather of Indian Labour", written by Vasantha Kumaran gives us many details in a simple style.
It is necessary to learn about Singaravelar and read his books in today's context of having to combat religious extremism and awaken communist feelings. There is no doubt that this book will serve as a guide in that exercise.
I congratulate Vasantha Kumaran for writing this book. The Indian Communist Party (Marxist), which carries forward with determination the lamp of knowledge that was lit by Singaravelar, welcomes this book.
50, Prashan Aprts., Plot No.41, I.P Extn.,
Patparganj, Delhi - 110 009.
Dignity of man necessarily implies the creation of social conditions which would allow him freedom to evolve along the lines of his own temperament and capacities. The harmony of individual efforts and social relations has to be not in any makeshift way, but within the framework of the Moral Order.
One among the visionaries, who lived up to that ideal and fought for the dignity and recognition of the Indian working class, during the days of Indian independence struggle, was Singaravelar.
Singaravelar was one who was elected as a Member of the Municipal Corporation when it was formed for the first time in Madras, now Chennai. He was the man who for the first time got the "Midday Meals scheme"
Introduced for the benefit of the school children, under the auspices of the Madras Corporation in Chennai. He was the founder of the party called the "Labour-Kisan" exclusively for the industrial and agricultural workers. In that context, he also edited and published two newspaper, one in English as the "Labour - Kisan Gazette" and the other in Tamil as "Thozilali"(the worker).
Singaravelar dedicated his whole life to the upliftment of the Indian labour. He was the pioneer who in the year 1923 itself, organized the successful celebration of the "May Day" in serveal parts of Chennai. He was the labour leader who presided over the very first communist conference held on the 25th of December 1925, at Kanpur, in which, the Communist Party of India was born. He accepted Gandhiji's call for "Non-Cooperation", at once plunged himself in to the Movement and organized a series of demonstrations in the whole of Tamil Nadu.
This great revolutionary, upto the ripe age of 84, has live and died for the sake of the working class. This book aptly titled as "The Father of Indian Labour" written in Tamil By Mr.Vasantha Kumar, gives a vivid description of the life and works of this noble son of the Indian soil in a lucid style.
I hope this book will enable the reader to understand and appreciate the currents of labour thought as also the movements of the minds in India, which, thought they flow through different linguistic channels, have a common urge and aspiration.
I wish the writer all success in his literary endeavors.
Former Chief Minister
Government of Puducherry
"I have had more births than the sand on the seven seas" said a wise man. In Sanskrit, the same is rendered as "Punarabi Janmam, Punarabi Maranam".
Life, death and another life make an endless cycle. All those who are born, die. But some, though dead, live on in the minds of generations. Is Gandhiji dead? Is Vivekananda dead? Definitely not. Their physical body disappeared but their fame lives on even today. It will always remain. Singaravelu is one of such few. Some people are great in certain fields.
But Singaravelu was an expert in many fields. He had many facets such as patriotism, love of the language, interest in the welfare of workers, generosity to help the needy, friendship, respect for others and above all humanity. He lived an exemplary life, which students should study as a lesson. He did not dissemble. He was refined.
In 1921, he took part in the non co-operative movement and set fire to his lawyer's gown. He also wrote a letter to Gandhiji immediately. In it he said, I am following your example as your stand for the welfare of lakhs of people.
He raised the question of "Why independence?" and answered it saying it should help the working class to achieve true freedom. The Tamil scholar Thiru- Vi- Ka said later that it was Singaravelu who had explained "Darwin's Theory" to him and that it was of great use to him in his research on religion.
We can cite his declaration- "Tamil for us and we for Tamil" as an example of his love for the language. He firmly believed that workers will rule after a great struggle in the course of the advancement of the country.
He had a firm faith in Karl Marx principle that all the necessities of life should be equally available to everybody and not be the private property of a few.
In his 84th year, he said in his last speech, " I do not want anything other than to be with you, I would consider it to be the greatest honour". This shows his great affection for the workers.
Only he could say "Death is a celebration like all other celebrations".
There is no doubt that our country will progress soon if all our people study the life of Singaravelu and following in his footsteps.
One cannot praise enough the author, Vasantha Kumaran, for describing Singaravelu's evenful life in a clear beautiful style.
The style is like a stream; there is clarity and weight in thought; no exaggeration. These qualities are proof of the author's skill.
He has succeeded in a great endeavour and deserves our praise. The Tamil world should support such authors and help them to grow. May Singaravelu's fame grow! I wish Vasantha Kumaran's effort all success.
Indian Communist Party
My friend P.Vasantha Kumaran has written the book, "Singaravelar, the Godfather of Indian Labour".
Singaravelar is the father of the communist movement in South India. Not only did he establish the three movements of self - respect, freedom and communism, but he also fought many battles for these causes.
In Tamil Nadu, Where superstitions and caste divisons are rife, and which was ruled by foreigners he united the newly organized labourers. He conducted the Nagapattinam Railway Worker's strike, whick shook Tamil Nadu for ten months. He opened the first meeting of the Communist Party in Kanpur.
He was the first person in India to celebrate May Day, which he did in Chennai in 1923. He was a close friend and an associate of Bharatiyar, the poet of the new age.
He was busy in building the self - respect movement and destroying superstitions, there by spreading the fragrance of the life. He helped Periyar in spreading and self - respect concept.
The author has described the events in Singaravelar's life in an interesting manner. There are certain incidents in this book and family background, which have not been published till now. On behalf of the Indian Communist Party, I convey best wishes and thanks to my friend Vasantha Kumaran for having written the biography of the first great communist of South India.
All India Congress Committee
No.4, Asoka Road,
Alwarpet, Chennai - 600 018.
Greetings. As there are not many books about Singaravelar, I welcome this rare publication of your book.
There are details in this book such as the achievements of Singaravelar, his service to workers, to farmers, the celebration of May Day in Chennai and so on.
There are also descriptions such as Singaravelar's participation in Gandhiji's non-cooperation movement. The book describes the great tasks undertaken by Singaravelar.
The enthusiastic writer, Vasantha Kumaran has taken great pains to write this book. My best wishes to him in the worthy project.
JUSTICE S.RATNAVEL PANDIAN
Judge, Supreme Court (Red.)
& Former Chairman,
Fifth Central Pay Commission
Tel:(044) 6211368, 6269988
AB 41, 6th Main Road,
Chennai- 600 040.
I am very happy to have been given the opportunity to read and enjoy the book "Singaravelar, the Godfather of Indian Labour", written by P.Vasantha Kumaran.
It is my duty to congratulate the author P.Vasantha Kumaran and his associate Terali Shankar for their skill in portraying under many headings and in simple Tamil, the life of Singaravelar which was characterized by wide knowledge, deep thought, hard work, Patriotism, spirit of sacrifice, service to the cause of workers, fighting spirit, social reform and social work.
Only a few of us knew Singaravelar, who believed that the world belonged to the worker and who sowed the seeds of communism in the field that is society, watered it with sacrifice and hard work, added the fertilizer of constant protest to make it grow into a plant and then a useful tree, fenced it with sacrifice and hard work and sacrificed himself for the success of these principles. He has been hidden behind a curtain. I congratulate the author Vasantha Kumaran who has raised the curtain, so that everybody can learn about his service.
We can show our gratitude to Singaravelar, who sacrificed his life in the past so that society may improve in the present and people live bravely tomorrow, to follow his ideals.
This book should be used in Universities as a reference book. May the fame of Singaravelar, the father of labour live long! May his service continue to bear fruit.
Singaravelar, who was considered the father of the Indian Communist Movement, the father of the scientific rationalism and scientific equality movement, a scholar in the vanguard of the freedom movement, a leader and a friend, was praised as another Lenin and the Karl Marx of South India by the workers when he died.
But a few days after his death, his fame has became a dim flame, as there are no followers to spread his principles and his name. That a book about him is being written at the time when his fame is diminishing restores the faith of communists and labourers.
Those who read this book can understand that the author of his book, Vasantha Kumaran, has been greatly attracted by the communist ideas of Singaravelar.
The fifth chapter of the book explains in detail communist principles of Singaravelar. Communism is the opposite of Capitalism. Only when the edifice of capitalism is destroyed can the feet of communism be built.
It may be said that the world is relieved of sorrow when wealth is distributed among the poor and is not allowed to accumulate in the possession of the individual.
Bharathi said that even if one person has no food, we will destroy this world. It is not difficult to understand that when he says "this world", he refers to the world of capitalism because it is only in this system that one lives in luxury when the person who tolls remains faminished and hungry. It is only under the system that one person lives in huts and are clad in rags.
The world of capitalism is cruel. In the world of communism, everybody has everything. Only he who is idle and does not work has no food; those who work can enjoy equal benefits.
The author examines with sorrow why communism has not taken root. At the same time, he hopes that communist principles taught by Singaravelar will be the seeds to bring forth the crop. Let us hope that the people of our country will prepare the land and reap the harvest of communism in the near future.
I would like to wish the author Vasantha Kumaran the very best and hope that he will continue the research on communism begun now until day we will it established.
I also hope that the Government will take the books of Singaravelar and honour him.